Medical Diagnosis and Eye Disease Treatment
Glaucoma is an eye disease and one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States. When diagnosed early it is almost always preventable. Glaucoma is damage to the optic nerve caused by a variety of ocular conditions. The majority of patients with glaucoma have high eye pressures, but a small percentage of patients with normal eye pressure will develop glaucoma.
Glaucoma damage results in permanent loss of vision, which can ultimately lead to total blindness if not treated. Early visual loss initially effects peripheral vision followed by central vision. This specific pattern of loss helps our doctors diagnose this vision threatening disease.
The most common form of glaucoma is called primary open-angle glaucoma. This type of glaucoma accounts for 90% of all cases. Other types include closed-angle glaucoma, congenital glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma. Treatment for glaucoma focuses on lowering intraocular pressure to a level your doctor thinks is unlikely to cause further optic nerve damage. This level is sometimes known as the “target pressure.”
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Age-related macular degeneration is the degeneration of the part of the retina responsible for the sharp, central vision needed to read or drive. The end result is a disease that can cause a permanent loss of central vision. Annual eye examinations often detect early signs of macular degeneration before symptoms occur.
Macular degeneration is the major cause of vision loss in patients over 50 years old in the United States. Frequently, the patient and the doctor can work together to recognize the problem early on in an attempt to keep it from getting worse. New evidence strongly suggests that smoking is high on the list of risk factors for macular degeneration.
Myopic degeneration is one of many disorders that can also cause damage to the macula. Extreme myopia (nearsightedness) often results in stretching and thinning of the retina in the back of the eye. This usually happens because the back of the eye is larger than normal when the eye is very nearsighted. This will cause a varying amount of blurred vision.
More Information on Macular Degeneration
Other Eye Conditions
During our comprehensive eye examinations, our doctors are able to diagnose, treat, or co-manage diseases and disorders of the eye. Some, but not all, of these conditions are:
- Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
- Dry Eyes
- Flashes and Floaters
- Fuch’s Dystrophy
- Subconjunctival Hemorrhage
- Ptosis (Drooping Eyelid)
- Retinal Detachment
- Uveitis (Light Sensitivity)
- Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)
Other Eye Conditions and Diseases